Misteri Hilangnya 2 Jurnalis Pengungkap Fakta Tragis COVID-19 di Wuhan

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Portal Islam – – Dua jurnalis warga yang mengungkap “kebenaran” tentang apa yang terjadi di Wuhan, pusat penyebaran virus corona, China, kini tidak diketahui keberadaannya.

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So, you think you are ready to trade? Make sure you read this section to learn how you can go about setting up a forex account so that you can start trading currencies. We'll also mention other factors that you should be aware of before you take this step. We will then discuss how to trade forex and the different types of orders that can be placed. Opening A Forex Brokerage Account Trading forex is similar to the equity market because individuals interested in trading need to open up a trading account. Like the equity market, each forex account and the services it provides differ, so it is important that you find the right one. Below we will talk about some of the factors that should be considered when selecting a forex account. Leverage Leverage is basically the ability to control large amounts of capital, using very little of your own capital; the higher the leverage, the higher the level of risk. The amount of leverage on an account differs depending on the account itself, but most use a factor of at least 50:1, with some being as high as 250:1. A leverage factor of 50:1 means that for every dollar you have in your account you control up to $50. For example, if a trader has $1,000 in his or her account, the broker will lend that person $50,000 to trade in the market. This leverage also makes your margin, or the amount you have to have in the account to trade a certain amount, very low. In equities, margin is usually at least 50%, while the leverage of 50:1 is equivalent to 2%. Leverage is seen as a major benefit of forex trading, as it allows you to make large gains with a small investment. However, leverage can also be an extreme negative if a trade moves against you because your losses also are amplified by the leverage. With this kind of leverage, there is the real possibility that you can lose more than you invested - although most firms have protective stops preventing an account from going negative. For this reason, it is vital that you remember this when opening an account and that when you determine your desired leverage you understand the risks involved. Commissions and Fees Another major benefit of forex accounts is that trading within them is done on a commission-free basis. This is unlike equity accounts, in which you pay the broker a fee for each trade. The reason for this is that you are dealing directly with market makers and do not have to go through other parties like brokers. This may sound too good to be true, but rest assured that market makers are still making money each time you trade. Remember the bid and ask from the previous section? Each time a trade is made, it is the market makers that capture the spread between these two. Therefore, if the bid/ask for a foreign currency is 1.5200/50, the market maker captures the difference (50 basis points). If you are planning on opening a forex account, it is important to know that each firm has different spreads on foreign currency pairs traded through them. While they will often differ by only a few pips (0.0001), this can be meaningful if you trade a lot over time. So when opening an account make sure to find out the pip spread that it has on foreign currency pairs you are looking to trade. Other Factors There are a lot of differences between each forex firm and the accounts they offer, so it is important to review each before making a commitment. Each company will offer different levels of services and programs along with fees above and beyond actual trading costs. Also, due to the less regulated nature of the forex market, it is important to go with a reputable company. (For more information on what to look for when opening an account, read Wading Into The Currency Market. If you are not ready to open a "real money" account but want to try your hand at forex trading, read Demo Before You Dive In.) How to Trade Forex Now that you know some important factors to be aware of when opening a forex account, we will take a look at what exactly you can trade within that account. The two main ways to trade in the foreign currency market is the simple buying and selling of currency pairs, where you go long one currency and short another. The second way is through the purchasing of derivatives that track the movements of a specific currency pair. Both of these techniques are highly similar to techniques in the equities market.The most common way is to simply buy and sell currency pairs, much in the same way most individuals buy and sell stocks. In this case, you are hoping the value of the pair itself changes in a favorable manner. If you go long a currency pair, you are hoping that the value of the pair increases. For example, let's say that you took a long position in the USD/CAD pair - you will make money if the value of this pair goes up, and lose money if it falls. This pair rises when the U.S. dollar increases in value against the Canadian dollar, so it is a bet on the U.S. dollar. The other option is to use derivative products, such as options and futures, to profit from changes in the value of currencies. If you buy an option on a currency pair, you are gaining the right to purchase a currency pair at a set rate before a set point in time. A futures contract, on the other hand, creates the obligation to buy the currency at a set point in time. Both of these trading techniques are usually only used by more advanced traders, but it is important to at least be familiar with them. (For more on this, try Getting Started in Forex Options and our tutorials, Option Spread Strategies and Options Basics Tutorial.) Types of Orders A trader looking to open a new position will likely use either a market order or a limit order. The incorporation of these order types remains the same as when they are used in the equity markets. A market order gives a forex trader the ability to obtain the currency at whatever exchange rate it is currently trading at in the market, while a limit order allows the trader to specify a certain entry price. (For a brief refresher of these orders, see The Basics of Order Entry.) Forex traders who already hold an open position may want to consider using a take-profit order to lock in a profit. Say, for example, that a trader is confident that the GBP/USD rate will reach 1.7800, but is not as sure that the rate could climb any higher. A trader could use a take-profit order, which would automatically close his or her position when the rate reaches 1.7800, locking in their profits. Another tool that can be used when traders hold open positions is the stop-loss order. This order allows traders to determine how much the rate can decline before the position is closed and further losses are accumulated. Therefore, if the GBP/USD rate begins to drop, an investor can place a stop-loss that will close the position (for example at 1.7787), in order to prevent any further losses. As you can see, the type of orders that you can enter in your forex trading account are similar to those found in equity accounts. Having a good understanding of these orders is critical before placing your first trade. If you want to read more, see these frequently asked questions How does the forex market trade 24 hours a day?, Why is currency always quoted in pairs? and What is the value of one pip and why are they different between currency pairs? Read more: Forex Tutorial: How To Trade & Open A Forex Account https://www.investopedia.com/university/forexmarket/forex8.asp#ixzz52b6myyy3 Follow us: Investopedia on Facebook

Mereka adalah Fang Bin dan Chen Qiushi.

Mereka telah membagikan beberapa video online di sosial media, yang berisi tentang foto dan kisah-kisah dramatis dari dalam kota Wuhan yang kini dikarantina dan terputus dengan wilayah China lain.

Fang dan Chen memutuskan untuk masuk ke Kota Wuhan dan bertekad untuk membagikan informasi tentang kondisi sebenarnya di Wuhan, ibukota Provinsi Hubei kepada dunia.

Ribuan orang telah menonton video laporan mereka dari Wuhan, ibukota Provinsi Hubei.

Tapi kini akun media social Fang dan Chen menjadi sunyi. Para pengikut akun social media Fang dan Chen kini khawatir jika keduanya akan menghilang untuk selamannya.

Siapa Fang Bin?

Fang Bin adalah seorang pengusaha di Wuhan. Ia membagikan video tentang wabah virus corona yang diberi nama Covid-19 untuk “melaporkan situasi aktual di sini”, dan berjanji untuk “melakukan yang terbaik” dalam pelaporan.

Dia mengunggah video pertamanya pada tanggal 25 Januari 2020 lalu ke saluran YouTube, yang dilarang di China tetapi dapat diakses melalui jaringan pribadi virtual (VPN).

Beberapa video pertama yang dibagikan itu tentang kegiatan Fang berkeliling kota dan menunjukan situasi di berbagai tempat berbeda. Video-video itu ditonton kurang lebih 1.000 kali.

Kemudian pada 1 Februari, Fang merekam suatu kejadian yang menyita perhatian orang dan telah ditonton lebih dari 200 ribu kali.

Fang menunjukan delapan mayat yang ditumpuk di dalam minibus di luar rumah sakit di Wuhan.

Setelah video itu viral, Fang menuduh polisi menerobos masuk ke rumahnya pada malam hari yang sama, dan menginterogasi tentang video tersebut.

Dia dibawa pergi, diberi peringatan lalu akhirnya dibebaskan oleh polisi.

Fang tidak berhenti. Kemudian pada 9 Februari, ia kembali membagikan sebuah video durasi 13 detik dengan tulisan “semua orang memberontak – menyerahkan kembali kekuasaan pemerintah kepada rakyat”.

Setelah video itu, akun media social menjadi sunyi.

Apa yang diketahui tentang Chen Qiushi?

Chen adalah mantan pengacara hak asasi manusia yang kemudian menjadi jurnalis video. Ia cukup dikenal di kalangan aktivis.

Reputasi perjuangan Chen terbangun dan dikenal sejak ia mengabarkan peristiwa protes di Hong Kong, Agustus lalu.

Saat dia kembali ke daratan China, otoritas China melecehkan dan memberangus akun sosial dan hasil liputannya.

Tidak berhenti sampai di situ, akun sosial media Chen di China yang dilaporkan memiliki 700 ribu pengikut dihapus.

Perlakuan Pemerintah China, tidak mampu membuat Chen diam.

Pada bulan Oktober lalu, ia membuat akun YouTube yang kini memiliki 400 ribu pengikut. Ia juga memiliki lebih dari 265 pengikut di Twitter.

Pada akhir Januari lalu, Chen memutuskan untuk masuk ke dalam Wuhan guna melaporkan situasi yang memburuk di sana.

“Saya akan menggunakan kamera saya untuk mendokumentasikan apa yang sebenarnya terjadi. Saya berjanji tidak akan … menutupi kebenaran,” kata Chen dalam video YouTube pertamanya.

Setelah sampai di Wuhan, Chen mengunjungi berbagai rumah sakit di Wuhan, melihat kondisinya dan berbicara dengan para pasien.

Chen menyadari tindakan itu membahayakan dirinya. Dia mengatakan kepada wartawan BBC John Sudworth awal bulan ini bahwa dia tidak yakin berapa lama bisa melanjutkan tindakan itu.

“Sensornya sangat ketat dan akun orang-orang ditutup jika mereka membagikan konten saya,” katanya.

Kemudian, pada tanggal 7 Februari lalu, sebuah video dibagikan di akun Twitter Chen – yang saat ini dikelola oleh temannya.

Video itu menampilkan ibu Chen yang bercerita bahwa Chen telah hilang sehari sebelumnya.

Melalui sebuah video YouTube, teman Chen, Xu Xiaodong kemudian menuduh bahwa Chen telah dikarantina secara paksa.

Apa yang dikatakan pihak berwenang China?

Pihak berwenang China tetap membisu tentang hilangnya dua jurnalis warga tersebut.

Hingga berita ini diturunkan, belum ada pernyataan resmi dari pihak berwenang tentang di mana keberadaan Fang Bin dan Chen Qiushi, atau sejak kapan dan dimana keberadaan mereka jika dikarantina.

Peneliti dari Amnesty Internasional, Patrick Poon mengatakan masih belum jelas apakah Chen atau Fang “dibawa pergi oleh polisi atau ditempatkan di bawah `karantina paksa` “.

Poon meminta pihak berwenang untuk “setidaknya” menghubungi anggota keluarga untuk menyampaikan keberadaan Chen dan Fang.

“Pihak berwenang China harus memberi tahu keluarga mereka dan memberi mereka akses memilih dan mendapatkan pengacara. Kalau tidak terjadi maka itu adalah bukti bahwa mereka berisiko disiksa atau diperlakukan sewenang-wenang,” kata Poon kepada BBC.

Mengapa mereka menghilang?

Beijing dikenal kerap menekan para aktivis yang vokal menyampaikan kritik atas kasus corona, dengan tujuan untuk menunjukan bahwa wabah corona dapat dikendalikan.

Menurut peneliti Human Rights Watch (HRW), pihak berwenang China saat ini “lebih fokus untuk membungkam kritik karena mengandung penyebaran virus”.

Sebelumnya, seorang dokter di Wuhan yang bernama Li Wenliang, diperingatkan untuk tidak menyebarkan “komentar palsu” setelah meningkatnya kekhawatiran tentang virus awal Desember lalu.

Hingga akhirnya, Li terjangkit virus corona dan meninggal dunia.

Kematian Li menyebabkan gelombang kemarahan dan pemberontakan di sosial media. Otoritas China terpana, dan bereaksi dengan berusaha untuk menyensor setiap komentar kritis tentang kematian Dr. Li.

Walaupun jumlah korban jiwa meningkat, tapi banyak juga pasien yang berangsur pulih dan sembuh. – Reuters

“Pemerintah Cina yang otoriter memiliki sejarah dalam melecehkan dan menahan warga yang berbicara kebenaran atau mengkritik pihak berwenang selama keadaan darurat publik, misalnya, selama SARS pada 2003, gempa Wenchuan pada 2008, kecelakaan kereta Wenzhou pada 2011 dan ledakan kimia Tianjin pada 2015,” kata peneliti HRW Yaqiu Wang kepada BBC.

Wang mengatakan, China perlu “belajar dari pengalaman dan memahami bahwa kebebasan informasi, transparansi dan penghormatan terhadap hak asasi manusia akan memudahkan pengendalian penyakit, bukan malah menghambatnya”.

“Pihak berwenang sendiri melakukan tindakan merugikan dengan [diduga] menghilangnya Fang dan Chen,” tambahnya.

Di situs berita China, Weibo, muncul beberapa komentar yang menyebutkan tentang Chen dan Fang – dan tampaknya tulisan akan segera disingkirkan oleh sensor China yang selalu waspada.

“[Mereka] menulis ulang sejarah,” kata satu komentar. “Perlahan itu akan seperti [tidak pernah ada] seseorang yang bernama Chen Qiushi.”[vv]
So, you think you are ready to trade? Make sure you read this section to learn how you can go about setting up a forex account so that you can start trading currencies. We'll also mention other factors that you should be aware of before you take this step. We will then discuss how to trade forex and the different types of orders that can be placed. Opening A Forex Brokerage Account Trading forex is similar to the equity market because individuals interested in trading need to open up a trading account. Like the equity market, each forex account and the services it provides differ, so it is important that you find the right one. Below we will talk about some of the factors that should be considered when selecting a forex account. Leverage Leverage is basically the ability to control large amounts of capital, using very little of your own capital; the higher the leverage, the higher the level of risk. The amount of leverage on an account differs depending on the account itself, but most use a factor of at least 50:1, with some being as high as 250:1. A leverage factor of 50:1 means that for every dollar you have in your account you control up to $50. For example, if a trader has $1,000 in his or her account, the broker will lend that person $50,000 to trade in the market. This leverage also makes your margin, or the amount you have to have in the account to trade a certain amount, very low. In equities, margin is usually at least 50%, while the leverage of 50:1 is equivalent to 2%. Leverage is seen as a major benefit of forex trading, as it allows you to make large gains with a small investment. However, leverage can also be an extreme negative if a trade moves against you because your losses also are amplified by the leverage. With this kind of leverage, there is the real possibility that you can lose more than you invested - although most firms have protective stops preventing an account from going negative. For this reason, it is vital that you remember this when opening an account and that when you determine your desired leverage you understand the risks involved. Commissions and Fees Another major benefit of forex accounts is that trading within them is done on a commission-free basis. This is unlike equity accounts, in which you pay the broker a fee for each trade. The reason for this is that you are dealing directly with market makers and do not have to go through other parties like brokers. This may sound too good to be true, but rest assured that market makers are still making money each time you trade. Remember the bid and ask from the previous section? Each time a trade is made, it is the market makers that capture the spread between these two. Therefore, if the bid/ask for a foreign currency is 1.5200/50, the market maker captures the difference (50 basis points). If you are planning on opening a forex account, it is important to know that each firm has different spreads on foreign currency pairs traded through them. While they will often differ by only a few pips (0.0001), this can be meaningful if you trade a lot over time. So when opening an account make sure to find out the pip spread that it has on foreign currency pairs you are looking to trade. Other Factors There are a lot of differences between each forex firm and the accounts they offer, so it is important to review each before making a commitment. Each company will offer different levels of services and programs along with fees above and beyond actual trading costs. Also, due to the less regulated nature of the forex market, it is important to go with a reputable company. (For more information on what to look for when opening an account, read Wading Into The Currency Market. If you are not ready to open a "real money" account but want to try your hand at forex trading, read Demo Before You Dive In.) How to Trade Forex Now that you know some important factors to be aware of when opening a forex account, we will take a look at what exactly you can trade within that account. The two main ways to trade in the foreign currency market is the simple buying and selling of currency pairs, where you go long one currency and short another. The second way is through the purchasing of derivatives that track the movements of a specific currency pair. Both of these techniques are highly similar to techniques in the equities market.The most common way is to simply buy and sell currency pairs, much in the same way most individuals buy and sell stocks. In this case, you are hoping the value of the pair itself changes in a favorable manner. If you go long a currency pair, you are hoping that the value of the pair increases. For example, let's say that you took a long position in the USD/CAD pair - you will make money if the value of this pair goes up, and lose money if it falls. This pair rises when the U.S. dollar increases in value against the Canadian dollar, so it is a bet on the U.S. dollar. The other option is to use derivative products, such as options and futures, to profit from changes in the value of currencies. If you buy an option on a currency pair, you are gaining the right to purchase a currency pair at a set rate before a set point in time. A futures contract, on the other hand, creates the obligation to buy the currency at a set point in time. Both of these trading techniques are usually only used by more advanced traders, but it is important to at least be familiar with them. (For more on this, try Getting Started in Forex Options and our tutorials, Option Spread Strategies and Options Basics Tutorial.) Types of Orders A trader looking to open a new position will likely use either a market order or a limit order. The incorporation of these order types remains the same as when they are used in the equity markets. A market order gives a forex trader the ability to obtain the currency at whatever exchange rate it is currently trading at in the market, while a limit order allows the trader to specify a certain entry price. (For a brief refresher of these orders, see The Basics of Order Entry.) Forex traders who already hold an open position may want to consider using a take-profit order to lock in a profit. Say, for example, that a trader is confident that the GBP/USD rate will reach 1.7800, but is not as sure that the rate could climb any higher. A trader could use a take-profit order, which would automatically close his or her position when the rate reaches 1.7800, locking in their profits. Another tool that can be used when traders hold open positions is the stop-loss order. This order allows traders to determine how much the rate can decline before the position is closed and further losses are accumulated. Therefore, if the GBP/USD rate begins to drop, an investor can place a stop-loss that will close the position (for example at 1.7787), in order to prevent any further losses. As you can see, the type of orders that you can enter in your forex trading account are similar to those found in equity accounts. Having a good understanding of these orders is critical before placing your first trade. If you want to read more, see these frequently asked questions How does the forex market trade 24 hours a day?, Why is currency always quoted in pairs? and What is the value of one pip and why are they different between currency pairs? Read more: Forex Tutorial: How To Trade & Open A Forex Account https://www.investopedia.com/university/forexmarket/forex8.asp#ixzz52b6myyy3 Follow us: Investopedia on Facebook
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